Even if the bulbs are fairly basic function, there are so many options available that you can get lost easily. Instead of buying the first it look like it’s going to work, take some time to find one that is perfect for your lamp. You will not only save you money in the long run, but also will end up with a more appealing lighting for your House and avoid a possible fire caused by using the wrong option.
March 1 part:
Understanding the basics about light bulbs
1-Find the right power.
The first thing to consider when matching between a lamp and a lamp is the power. Each lamp has a corresponding power-the amount of energy that is capable of producing. This number can vary between 40 to 120 watts for a traditional bulb. On the other hand, each lamp has a maximum amount of power. This is the greatest power that the fixture is able to use without becoming a fire hazard (he can’t handle a high power). Therefore, you need to choose a lamp with a power that is equal to or less than the maximum power of your fixture.
• Use a lamp with power greater than the maximum that the device can increase the risk of fire.
• You can use a lamp with power less than your lamp asks.
2 – Watch the lumens.
Lumen refers to the amount of light that the lamp will release (as opposed to the power, which is the amount of energy). The greater the number of lumens, the brighter will be the lamp. Therefore, if you are trying to illuminate a large area, use a lamp with a number of lumens high (over 1000). A small light fixture does not require a lamp with a high number of lumens.
• The more lumens, closer to natural sunlight is the appearance of the light from the lamp.
3 – see the shape of the lamp.
There are many different forms of lamps, each with a different utility. The most used are the generic form of the bulb of spiral and the way. Moreover, there are those in the form of drop, globe, calls, and other varieties. Usually the form doesn’t matter, but some fixtures require a specific format to work properly. Check your lamp first and then look for bulbs that match it.
4-Check the durability of the lamp.
The lamps are not all alike; in fact, some last a long time, while others will remain lit for a few months or years of use. Each one should say on the back what is your expectation of durability, typically based on 3 hours of use per day if you are putting the lamp in a well-used lamp, look for one that has a higher expectation.
• The halogen have traditionally longer durability.
• Incandescent lamps usually have the shortest.
5 – Note the appearance of the light from the lamp.
Most will announce this in the package-it tells you how hot or cold is the color of the light. The appearance of light that is on the hot side is more orange/yellow, while the one on the cold side will be more blue/white. While this may not be a serious consideration for you when choosing your light bulbs, you might want to make sure you don’t accidentally buy a white and light brilliant when he intended to buy a hot and yellow.
• The appearance of light is measured in temperature using the Kelvin system. For example, the lamp can announce 5000 k lighting, which means that the temperature is 5000 degrees Kelvin.
• Common types of “appearance of light” are bright white, cold white, warm white and daylight.
6-Note the energy cost of the lamp.
Beyond the initial cost of the lamp, there is an additional charge of total energy associated with it. This is the price you will pay in electricity bills during her life. Energy-efficient bulbs cost far less over the life of the traditional. When possible, choose lamps that have a low total cost. This can mean paying a bit more at first, but you will reap the benefits over time.
7-Check the lamp mercury content.
The mercury content of it does not affect the light or the general use of the lamp; the only thing that a lamp that contains mercury is going to do is prevent that you throw away. If your lamp have any mercury in it, cannot be thrown in the trash. Nowadays, most CFLs contain mercury, but you should check all to buy, just to make sure.
March 2 part:
Learning about the types of lamps
1-Try a compact fluorescent lamp.
“Compact Fluorescent” is a generic term used for a variety of lamps. CFLs use 20 to 40 percent less energy to produce the same amount of light or lumens (a measure of the intensity of the light). They are adjusted to produce light similar to sunlight in color.
• CFLs generate less heat and last longer than incandescents, saving money on electric bills and protecting the environment of emissions of harmful gases.
• Compact Fluorescent Lamps are commonly used in table lamps, floor under cabinets, in table lamps, linear luminaires, wall sconces, recessed mounts, chandeliers, in mounts close to the ceiling or embedded in the ceiling, pendants, kitchen island lights, outdoor wall lamps, streetlamps, on billboards, and recessed lights on the walls and ceilings of external areas. The first generation of compact fluorescent lamps cannot be used in motion sensing fixtures or lamps with a regulating switch; However, the most recent of second generation (which are usually more expensive) can be labeled and sold specifically for these purposes.
2-consider using fluorescent lamps.
Choose fluorescent lamps for energy conservation and versatility. They are energy-efficient light bulbs, using 20 to 40% less electricity than standard incandescent and lasting up to 20 times more. Many new compact styles make them focal lighting practices. Kinds screws can be used in place of incandescent lamps in standard Sockets. The warmth and softness of the fluorescent lamps are improving.
• These lamps are commonly used in table lamps, floor lamps, table, under cabinets, in linear strips in wall sconces, recessed mounts, chandeliers, in close-to-ceiling mounts in pendants, kitchen island lights, lighting of paths, in external wall lamps and lampposts.
3-Try a halogen lamp.
Many today use halogen lamps. Halogenas lamps produce a whiter light and generate more light (lumens) per watt than standard incandescent. They mimic better the spectrum of sunlight. Its size and smaller intensity make halogenas great for focal lighting.
• For precise and controlled light beams, the low voltage halogenas are specified for dramatic effect to highlight singularities with rays of light located in works of art, architectural details, sculptures etc. Low-voltage lamps are 12 or 24 volts and require a transformer.
• As halogen lamps heat up more than other types, they require more caution. All lamps of this type should have safety shields to reduce the risk of fire. When replacing a halogen bulb, wait until it cools down to touch her. Always use a clean cloth to handle a lamp of this material, since the oils from your hand will cause the lamp to burn more and can significantly reduce the life of her. Examples: GU-10, MR-16, JC/JCD, G9, JDE-11, JT-3, 4-JT, PAIR
• Halogen Lamps are most commonly used in table lamps, torchieres, floors, lighting, table lamps, accent lighting under Cabinet, support in the bathroom lights, dressing table lights or dressing tables, wall sconces, recessed mounts, pendants, directional lamps, chandeliers, kitchen island lights, landscaping, lighting and also spotlights or floodlights outdoors.
4-Use a incandescent lamp.
The bulbs are the most common used today because they’re cheap and available everywhere. They generally range from 15 to 150 watts and produce a smooth creamy white light, but can also be found in various colors, from pink to blue. Can be transparent, frosted or colored.
• The standard incandescent bulbs, light is generated when a filament is heated until glowing (lighting) through an electrical current inside the glass bulb. Incandescent bulbs provide general lighting and reflectors are often used as focal and floor lights.
• Incandescent lamps are great for lighting environments, standard and superior powers are good for focal lighting. When using incandescent bulbs, make sure you never exceed the maximum recommended wattage for your lamp! Examples: G25, G 16.5, T bulb, BR/R
• Incandescent lamps are typically used in lamps, buffet lamps, reading lamps, table lamps, floor lamps, magnifying bathroom/toilet, view, wall sconces, chandeliers, mounted near the ceiling, directional lights, recessed mounts, kitchen island lighting, pendants, exterior lighting, landscape lighting, lighting of paths, streetlights, spotlights/floodlights and outdoor wall lanterns.
5 – Try a PAR lamp.
Choose lamps PAIR to control light levels. Parabolic aluminized reflector means PAIR, in English. The lamp PAIR can be incandescent, halogen or HID and reflects the light from the filament like a parable. PAR lamps will depend on how much internal reflector prisms on the lens to generate a beam of light controlled or focused. These lamps are extremely bright and can be used for accurate control of light levels.
• Halogen PAR bulbs have a mirrored reflector to control the light. Halogen PAR lamps are often specified for outstanding lighting and focal length.
6-look for xenon lamps.
Choose xenon lamps for lighting of paths. They are made of Xenon, a rare gas used in specialized lamps. Are known to last up to 10,000 hours. Xenon lamps can be touched with the bare hand, unlike halogenas, and are commonly used in lighting of paths.
•Lamps: Garland Garland lamps have a unique shape and are usually of low voltage. They come in frosted glass or transparent. If you’re going to use these bulbs for focal or indirect lighting (under cabinets and shelves, on cabinets or inside them), the frosted are better. However, if the Festoon bulbs are being used to highlight items that must “shine” (jewelry, porcelain, Crystal), it is recommended to use the transparent.
7-Try LEDs (light emitting diodes).
The LEDs are small electronic devices that light up when electrical energy is transmitted by them. Are very energy-efficient and have very long lives. Can be red, green, blue or white. LED light bulbs are generally used in table lamps, outdoor, landscape lighting, paths and in spots or spotlight.
8-Choose special lamps for special needs.
Some different choices can handle different problems.
• Black light: fluorescent light designed to emit invisible ultraviolet (UV) light.
• Heating Lamps: lamps used to increase the temperature in a focused area. They are most often used in the food industry and in outdoor waiting areas.
• Krypton lamps: one lamp premium using krypton gas in lieu of argon.
• Resistant to breakage, silicone-coated and teflon etc..: these lamps feature a protective coating that protects from breakage and cracks. They come in several types.
• Full spectrum of daylight: full-spectrum lamps are designed to reproduce the natural light and are beneficial to health, reducing stress, depression and headaches, among other things. They are most often used in table and floor lamps.
• Germicidal Lamps: offer ultraviolet technology, which is a non-chemical approach to disinfection. This disinfection process, nothing is added, which makes it simple, economical and very little maintenance.
9-consider using electron stimulated luminescence lamps (ESL) in the future.
These lamps are an emerging technology that provides a new choice for consumers seeking energy-efficient lighting without the dangers of compact fluorescent lamps or high cost and poor quality of the led light. ESL bulb R30 is designed to replace the 65 watt incandescent spotlight, commonly used in recessed fixtures shaped like Tin, which are popular in new construction and remodeled homes.
• The bulb R30 ESL provides uniform illumination and virtually indistinguishable from the incandescent bulb it replaces. A high power factor gives the bulb R30 ESL less charge total energy than CFLs. It generates about 10,000 hours of light without any significant change to color your price should be around 35 to 45 reais. Although the testing and production of these lamps have delayed release for your audience, they still are slated for mass production in the future.
March 3 part:
Combining your light fixture to your lamp
1-Choose a lamp for a floor or table lamp.
If you have a lamp that stand alone or a big table, there are some options for lamps. Consider using a spiral or in A closed format that is compact fluorescent or incandescent. Stay with the warm color, since your room will brighten and generally tend to be better for the eyes (as a “daylight”).
2-Find a lamp for your pendant.
As pendants tend to have at least part or half of the bulb exposed, your choices are limited. Start looking for a lamp in a traditional format or bulb globe and hotter side of the light. Most people prefer to use a compact fluorescent bulb or halogen for this purpose.
3-Select a lamp for a ceiling fixture.
Ceiling fixtures are usually placed so that the bulb is visible, giving you many more options than a pendant lamp. Choose a lamp that has a long life so that you don’t have to change it often. The appearance of light that you want will vary depending on the atmosphere of the room. Any type of lamp (provided that it is compatible with the fixture) will work for a ceiling fixture, but it will be better to try to find one that is energy-efficient when possible.
4-Find a replacement lamp for a Wall Sconce.
Wall sconces tend to be smaller and are mostly decorative, which means lamps that you choose must be small enough to be completely covered by the lamp. Choose a light bulb or tube-shaped, since these are narrow enough to fit inside the bracket. Compact fluorescent lamps and incandescent lamps are most commonly used in wall sconces.
5-Choose a lamp for a Tin-shaped recess.
Recessed can fixtures do not allow a lot of ventilation, so have greater risk of fire. As a result, your main goal will be to choose a lamp that does not exceed the maximum power for your fixture. Most people pick halogen, compact fluorescent lamp or an incandescent to a recessed can light. The appearance of light will vary depending on location.
6-look for a light bulb for an outdoor fixture.
If your device is exposed to the elements, you will need to buy a special lamp for outdoor environments, which will not be damaged by exposure. Otherwise, choose one that is in a spiral or tube with a light and bright white appearance. The LEDs are popular choices, as well as the incandescent lamps and halogen. Keep in mind that you will need to buy a special lamp if you have a photosensitive device or one that has a timer. Check your local store to find these lighting alternatives.