What is HDI?

HDI means Human development index, an important measure designed by the UN (United Nations) to evaluate the quality of life and economic development of a population.

What is HDI?

Annually is the Human development report (HDR, see related article) by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) based on three pillars (health, education and income) which are measured as follows:

  • A long and healthy life (Health): life expectancy at birth
  • Access to knowledge (Education): average years of study (adults) and expected years of schooling (children)
  • A decent standard of living (Income): measured by Gross national income (GNI) based on purchasing power standards (PPS) per inhabitant

The HDI varies between 0 (no human development) and 1 (total human development), revealing that the greater the proximity of 1, the more developed the country. The world average of 187 countries evaluated in 2011 was 0.682. Below is a list of the first 10 countries in the HDI Ranking Global 2011:

1st-Norway-0.943
2nd-Australia-0.929
3rd-Netherlands-0.910
4-United States-0.910
5-New Zealand-0.908
6-Canada-0.908
7-Ireland-0.908
8-Liechtenstein-0.905
9-Germany-0.905
10-Sweden-0.904

It is important to note that this year the Brazil occupied the 84th position with an HDI of 0.718, having climbed one position compared to 2010. The country with the lowest HDI (0.286) was the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

HDI of Brazilian States

In this sense, the national ranking is according to the model and data released in 2008 by the UNDP (United Nations Development Programme):

1°-Distrito Federal-0.874
2°-Santa Catarina-0.840
3°-São Paulo-0.833
4°-Rio de Janeiro-0.832
5°-Rio Grande do Sul – 0.832
6°-Paraná – 0.820
7°-Espírito Santo – 0.802
8°-Mato Grosso do Sul – 0.802
9°-Goiás-0.800
10°-Minas Gerais-0.800
11°-Mato Grosso-0.796
12°-Amapá-0.780
13°-Amazonas-0.780
14°-Rondônia-0.756
15°-Tocantins-0.756
16°-Pará-0.755
17°-Acre-0.751
18°-Roraima-0.750
19°-Bahia-0.742
20°-Sergipe – 0.742
21°-Rio Grande do Norte-0.738
22°-Ceara-0.723
23°-Pernambuco-0.718
24°-Paraíba-0.718
25°-Piauí-0.703
26°-Maranhão-0.683
27°-Alagoas-0.677

HDI of Brazilian municipalities

According to the Atlas of Human Development in Brazil 2003 (2000 Census)

1st-São Caetano do Sul-Sao Paulo-0.919
2nd-Águas de São Pedro-Sao Paulo-0.908
3rd-Niterói-Rio de Janeiro-0.886
4th-Florianópolis-Santa Catarina-0.875
5-Santos-São Paulo-0.871
6-Bento Gonçalves-Rio Grande do Sul-0.870
7-Balneario Camboriu-Santa Catarina-0.867
8-Joaçaba-Santa Catarina-0.866
9-Porto Alegre-Rio Grande do Sul-0.865
10-Fernando de Noronha-Pernambuco-0.862

Idhab

The IDHAB corresponds to the Housing Development Institute, which has the task of registering and cataloguing all the names of people interested in purchasing a property in particular urban area under construction. In Brasilia this organ has already been extinguished, and from 2003 has been replaced by the SEDHAB-Secretary of housing and Urban Development Settlement.