RNA is the acronym for ribonucleic acid. It is a nucleic acid that is responsible for transferring genetic information from DNA in order to synthesize proteins according to the functions and characteristics indicated. RNA is present in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Also, the RNA is composed of a simple chain that can sometimes be duplicated. It is made up of bonded nucleotides that form chains. Each nucleotide consists of: a sugar (ribose), a phosphate group and 4 nitrogen bases (adenine, guanine, uracil and cytosine).
RNA carries the genetic information of DNA for the synthesis of the necessary proteins. That is, the RNA copies the information of each DNA gene and then goes to the cytoplasm, where it binds to the ribosome to direct protein synthesis.
RNA begins to be studied in 1868 by Friedrich Miescher, also, he was the first person to investigate DNA and promote the study of nucleic acids. The international abbreviation is RNA for its acronym in English for ribonucleic acid. Click to see more definition.
In reference to the above, we can distinguish the interaction of various types of RNA in genetic expression, among which we have:
- Messenger RNA(mRNA): known as coding RNA, it has the genetic code that determines the scheme of amino acids to form a protein;
- RNA transfer(tRNA): is responsible for carrying amino acids to ribosomes in order to incorporate them into the process of protein synthesis, likewise, it is responsible for encoding the information that messenger RNA possesses to a protein sequence and, finally,
- Ribosomal RNA(rRNA): it is part of the ribosomes and acts in the enzymatic activity, it is responsible for creating the peptide bonds between the amino acids of the polypeptide in the protein synthesis process.
It is also worth mentioning ribozyme, which is a type of RNA with a catalytic function capable of carrying out its self-duplication when there is an absence of proteins. This characteristic is of great importance, since it has to do with the hypothesis that RNA was one of the first forms of life, prior to DNA, and that it allowed the first cell to form, since it contains stored genetic information and can self-duplicate.
RNA and DNA
Between ribonucleic acid (RNA) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) there are differences in their structure and function. RNA groups its proteins in a single helix while DNA groups them in a double helix. The nucleotides that make up the RNA are made up of ribose, a phosphate group and four nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine and uracil.
The nucleotides that form the DNA, on the other hand, are made up of deoxyribose, a phosphate group and four nitrogen bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine, and it is always found in the nucleus. In reference to its functions, the DNA selects, stores and saves the genetic code, in turn, the RNA transmits the genetic code stored by DNA, that is, it serves as a messenger.
U.S. Counties by State
- Barbour County, Alabama
- Bristol Bay Borough, Alaska
- Coconino County, Arizona
- Baxter County, Arkansas
- Amador County, California
- Arapahoe County, Colorado
- Litchfield County, Connecticut
- Sussex County, Delaware
- Bay County, Florida
- Bacon County, Georgia
- Kalawao County, Hawaii
- Bannock County, Idaho
- Bond County, Illinois
- Bartholomew County, Indiana
- Allamakee County, Iowa
- Atchison County, Kansas
- Anderson County, Kentucky
- Ascension Parish, Louisiana
- Cumberland County, Maine
- Baltimore County, Maryland
- Bristol County, Massachusetts
- Allegan County, Michigan
- Becker County, Minnesota
- Amite County, Mississippi
- Atchison County, Missouri
- Blaine County, Montana
- Arthur County, Nebraska
- Douglas County, Nevada
- Cheshire County, New Hampshire
- Burlington County, New Jersey
- Chaves County, New Mexico
- Bronx County, New York
- Alleghany County, North Carolina
- Benson County, North Dakota
- Ashland County, Ohio
- Atoka County, Oklahoma
- Clackamas County, Oregon
- Armstrong County, Pennsylvania
- Newport County, Rhode Island
- Allendale County, South Carolina
- Bennett County, South Dakota
- Benton County, Tennessee
- Angelina County, Texas
- Cache County, Utah
- Caledonia County, Vermont
- Alleghany County, Virginia
- Benton County, Washington
- Boone County, West Virginia
- Barron County, Wisconsin
- Campbell County, Wyoming
- Augustana University - Augustana University, located in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, is a private liberal arts institution with a strong commitment to academic excellence, community engagement, and the development of well-rounded individuals. Established in 1860, Augustana has a rich history rooted in the...
- Meanings of Acronym JT - According to AbbreviationFinder, the acronym “JT” is a versatile abbreviation with various meanings depending on the context in which it is used. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the multiple interpretations and implications of “JT” across various domains,...
- Meanings of Acronym LO - According to AbbreviationFinder, the acronym “LO” is a versatile abbreviation with various meanings and interpretations across different contexts. It can refer to concepts and entities ranging from geographic locations and aviation terminology to technology terms and organizational designations. In this...
- Gough, Georgia - Gough is a small town located in Jefferson County, Georgia, United States. Situated in the eastern part of the state, Gough is characterized by its charming rural landscape, abundant greenery, and a strong sense of community. Gough is nestled amidst...
- Greenwich, Kansas - Greenwich, Kansas is a small town located in Sedgwick County, in the central part of the state. Although it may be overshadowed by larger cities in Kansas, Greenwich boasts a unique geography that sets it apart from its surroundings. Situated...
- Meanings of Acronym NN - According to abbreviationfinder, the acronym “NN” is a versatile abbreviation with multiple meanings and interpretations across various domains, depending on the context in which it is used. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into numerous possible meanings of “NN,”...
- Montevideo, Uruguay Geography - Montevideo, the capital and largest city of Uruguay, is situated on the country’s southern coast, along the eastern shore of the Río de la Plata. The geography of Montevideo is characterized by its coastal location, rolling hills, and the absence...
- Meanings of Acronym PI - According to abbreviationfinder, the acronym “PI” is versatile, with numerous meanings and applications across various fields and contexts. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the diverse meanings of “PI” in 900 words, covering its interpretations in mathematics, science,...
- Meanings of Acronym F6 - According to abbreviationfinder, the acronym “F6” can represent various meanings and applications across different fields, industries, and contexts. Depending on the specific context, “F6” can signify subjects ranging from function keys on a computer keyboard to a specific type of...
- Meanings of Acronym HM - According to abbreviationfinder, the acronym “HM” has a multitude of meanings and applications across various domains, from military and government to healthcare and music. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the meanings and significance of “HM” in different...