Originating from the Latin term circuitus, the word circuit allows us to name the land that has been located within a certain perimeter. Of course, the dictionary of the DigoPaul also details other meanings: a circuit is a route that takes place in a tight curve and that is established for the development of automobile competitions, or any type of route that ends in the same place where it begins.
For example: “The Brazilian rider prevailed on the Monaco street circuit”, “Motorcycles reach a speed of almost 200 kilometers per hour in certain sections of the circuit”, “Tomorrow we will travel the Villa Elisa tourist circuit”, “The government He promised to improve the signage in the cultural circuit of the old town.
In electronics, a circuit is an element made up of various conductors and through which the current of electricity passes. Typically, the circuit has devices that produce or consume this electrical current. They are made up of various elements, such as resistors, capacitors, transmitters, resistors, and voltage and current sources. This class of circuits are analyzed through algebraic methods.
Among the various types of circuits, as well as electrical, they may be mentioned the pneumatic circuits, the magnetic circuits and printed circuit boards.
The pneumatic and hydraulic circuits differ from each other by the fluid they transmit in their forces.
In tires the fluid in question is a gas, while in hydraulics it is a liquid. In both cases the fluids are compressed and transmit greater forces.
As well as the electrical ones, this type of circuits have a series of components, which are called generators (they are those that when compressing the fluid allow obtaining energy for the correct operation of the entire system), regulation and control valves (they are they open and close to allow the necessary flow of the fluid) and actuators (they convert the fluid into a force that motivates the movement of the element to be moved).
A magnetic circuit, for its part, is the one found in magnets and solenoids. It is a system where forces that leave from the North, after going through the entire magnetic field, re-enter the system from the South. It usually works in a similar way to an electrical circuit.
A printed circuit is called an insulating texture plate that is made up of several copper tracks that allow the interconnection between certain components that make up the circuit
The logic, meanwhile, talks about switching circuits that have various contacts, which appear to represent different logical input variables. The loads, for their part, represent logical output variables.
Finally, we can mention the electoral circuit, also known as a constituency, which encompasses all the electors who are part of a certain district according to a certain administrative or political division, a culture, a territory or another kind of differentiation.
The speech circuit is the one that we use to communicate with our environment; It is made up of audio messages and images. This circuit is intervened by elements such as the difference in language between the communicator and the receiver, the noise in the environment, disabilities of some of the parties, or the irruption of third parties in the communication.
Language is the way in which we establish contact with what surrounds us, by communicating our ideas, emotions and opinions; It can be of several types: verbal, signed or written. The verbal is the one that is represented through speech and where its circuits are the language codes that we use, signs and other elements that make up oral communication.
Several subjects inevitably intervene in the speech circuit, these are: sender (the one who sends the message), message (what the sender says) and receiver (the one who listens to the message and decodes it for understanding). In a word, the speech circuit is the exchange of information between two or more individuals and the external agents that influence such communication.