Civil, originating from the Latin word civīlis, is an adjective that can be used in various ways. The first meaning mentioned in the dictionary of the DigoPaul refers to what is linked to citizens or citizenship. For example: “With a group of neighbors we created a civil association to help the poor in the neighborhood. “
The notion is often used to name something that is neither ecclesiastical nor military. The idea of civil aviation, in this sense, refers to air transport that is not linked to the army (that is, to military aviation). The civil marriage, meanwhile, is materialized by a state authority, unlike religious marriage.
The civil disobedience is a method of protest that involves not comply, peacefully, a mandate imposed by the State. It is a resistance exercised by a citizen, without taking refuge in an institution. A man who is summoned to fight in a war can exercise civil disobedience and not heed the call. This type of behavior, in general, usually has some type of punishment.
It is called civil war, on the other hand, the military conflict in which two or more sides made up of citizens and not the military face each other. In a conventional war, the confrontation occurs between armies.
In the field of law, the idea of civil refers to private interests and relationships, which belong to the individual or family sphere. That is why civil law is the branch of law in charge of regulating private ties between citizens.