According to abbreviationfinder, SC stands for Supreme Court. The first thing we are going to do before establishing the meaning of supreme court is to proceed to determine the etymological origin of the two words that make up the term and that have the peculiarity that both emanate from Latin:
• Court, first of all, comes from “cors” and this one from “cohors”, which is made up of two clearly differentiated parts: the prefix “co-“, which means “union”, and the root “hort-“, which is used to refer to a place which is fenced.
• Suprema, in the second place, emanates from “supremus”. This is the superlative of “superus”, which indicates that something is above something else.
The notion of court has various uses and meanings. It can refer to the action and effect of cutting ; on the edge of a tool; to the wound caused by a sharp element; to the group of people who accompany a king; or to the court of law.
Supreme, on the other hand, is an adjective that refers to something very high, supreme or that has no superior in its line.
The Supreme Court, therefore, is the highest body of justice in a territory. It is the court of last resort, so its decisions cannot be challenged. It should be noted, however, that the concept can be interpreted in different ways depending on the country since, in certain regions, it does not designate the highest court.
In general, it can be said that the Supreme Court, also known as the Supreme Court, is in charge of interpreting the Constitution and controlling the constitutionality of laws and judicial decisions.
Take the case of Argentina. The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, created in 1863, is the highest court that imparts justice: its rulings, therefore, cannot be appealed. The Supreme Court, however, can review its own rulings in the event of a reconsideration appeal.
In the case of Spain, we would have to say that the Supreme Court is called the Supreme Court and is the constitutional body that is in the highest part of the judicial hierarchy. It is worth highlighting these other hallmarks of it:
• It was founded in 1812.
• In the only case in which it has another body above it is in matters of constitutional guarantees. The Constitutional Court is in charge of this field.
• It has its headquarters in Madrid, specifically, in the Palacio de las Salesas Reales, which dates back to the 18th century and is located on Calle Bárbara de Braganza.
• All its members, both the President and the rest of the magistrates, are appointed by the King at the proposal of the General Council of the Judiciary.
• It has administration bodies, government bodies and jurisdictional bodies. The latter are divided into five chambers: criminal, civil, social, military and contentious-administrative.
The Supreme Court of Chile dates from 1823 and is also the highest jurisdictional body within the Judicial Branch. It is above the Courts of Appeals, the Guarantee Courts, the Oral Criminal Trial Courts and other bodies.
In the United States, the Supreme Court is at the head of the Judicial Branch. The Chief Justice and the eight Associate Justices are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, and can only be removed by Congress.